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Palynological Surveys of the Late Holocene Vegetation History of the Palatinate Forest

Is pine an indigenous tree species of the Palatinate Forest? (Photo: S. Wolters, NIhK)

In contrast to neighbouring landscapes like the Vosges, Black Forest, Odenwald or the Upper Rhine Plain, the Palatinate Forest is one of Germany’s least explored regions in terms of vegetation history. The small number of existing studies dates back to the period between the 1930ies to 1950ies. Research into the vegetation history was only resumed in 2003 when it became necessary to carry out modern palynological analyses within the scope of investigations of cultural landscape genetics and forest stand history of Johanniskreuz forestry district. This provided the first opportunity for a presentation of the Palatinate Forest’s Late Holocene vegetation history in high-resolution, radiocarbon-dated pollen diagrams. Furthermore, this research should be seen as a contribution towards basic research promoting the preservation and sustainable development of the cross-border Palatinate Forest-North Vosges Biosphere Reserve (UNESCO).

Bibliography

Hildebrandt, H., Heuser-Hildebrandt, B., Wolters, S. (2007) Kulturlandschaftsgenetische und bestandsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen anhand von Kohlholzspektren aus historischen Meilerplätzen, Pollendiagrammen und Archivalischen Quellen im Naturpark Pfälzerwald, Forstamt Johanniskreuz. Mainzer Geographische Studien, Sonderband 3

Wolters, S. (2007) Zur spätholozänen Vegetationsgeschichte des Pfälzerwaldes - Neue pollenanalytische Untersuchungen im Pfälzischen Berg- und Hügelland. Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart - Quaternary Science Journal 56, 3: 139-161

    Pollenanalyse zur spätholozänen VegetationsgeschichteVegetation history Palatine forest